World War II: German SS Fourth Reich Plans
British Intelligence Files
168 pages of British intelligence files covering plans by the German intelligence agency, Sicherheitsdienst des Reichsführers-SS, also known as the SD, to install a "stay-behind" organization in Europe for use after the end of combat, to work behind Allied controls to build a Fourth Reich.
The Sicherheitsdienst, which translates into English as Security Service, was the intelligence wing of the SS and the Nazi Party during World War II. The SD was considered a sister organization of the Gestapo.
DOCUMENTS IN THIS SET
MI5 FILE SF52-4-16
This 78 page file, not released by the British Government until September 2011, was titled, "MISCELLANEOUS INDICATIONS OF G.I.S. POST·WAR PLANS FOR CONTINUED ACTIVITY."
This set of reports dating from November 1944 to November 1949 contains various indications that the German Intelligence Service (G.I.S) had plans for continued activity despite defeat, after the end of World War II.
The file includes reports and assessments of the Sicherheitsdienst (SD) attempts to install a "stay-behind" organization in Europe for use behind Allied lines, after the cessation of hostilities, to build a Fourth Reich. The material includes a report on the interrogation of German intelligence official Heinrich von Berseviczy, which suggests that the survivors of the German Intelligence Service were attempting to regroup and reorganize, including the recruitment of new agents.
Plans included a postwar Abwehr. The Abwehr was the German military intelligence agency abolished by Adolf Hitler in 1944. The new Abwehr was to be based in a powdered milk factory in Switzerland, which had the "ostensible purpose of feeding undernourished German children after the war".
A MI5 memo based on the interrogation of German intelligence officer Bruno Nikoll states that, "They were planning the rebirth of Germany and were already beginning to work 'usefully'". The main purpose was to "make the allies post-war task as hard as possible," and to "ferment distrust between Americans and Russians". Various institutions would serve as a cover for agents including local tourist offices and libraries.
Highlights from this collection of documents include information concerning:
A captured German directive on guerrilla warfare dated April 1945, urging agents to work behind enemy lines in reconnaissance, espionage and sabotage.
An extract from a report of the interrogation of Juius Hagemann, mentioning the "Friedensorganisation" post war plan of the Abwehr.
A June 1945 report that various sources indicated that the SD was preparing to continue its work through the Reichspost, the German postal system. The report says that postal employees willing to do SD work were being trained.
MI5 FILE PF 602431
This 86 page file, not released by the British Government until April 2011, was titled, "MORDRELLE.OLIVIER MARIE JOSEPH." This set of documents, dating from November 20, 1944 to May 2, 1946, covers Olivier Marie Joseph Mordrelle, also known as Olier Mordrel, the Breton language version of Olivier Mordrelle. Mordrelle was a Breton separatist who founded the Breton National Party. The Bretons are an ethnic group of Celtic descendants located in the region of Brittany in France. During World War II some Bretons seeking independence from France became pro-German.
An MI5 report describes him as a, "petty political agitator whose efforts to create an independent BRITTANY were treated too indulgently by the French before the outbreak of war."
On December 14, 1938, Mordrelle was convicted in France for an "attack on the nation's unity", and given a one year suspended sentence. In 1939 Mordelle was recruited by the German military intelligence organization Abwer. In May 1940, Mordrelle was condemned to death in absentia by a French military tribunal for his activities in the Breton Separatist movement. After the establishment of a German occupation government, Mordrelle returned to France as a collaborator, but later returned to Germany.
The Sicherheitsdienst (SD) trained him as a saboteur. In April 1945, the mission given to him by the SD was to promote unrest, with the goal of starting a civil war in France, from which a Fourth Reich would emerge.
Mordrelle was captured by Allied forces in Bolzano, Italy in May 1945. During interrogation, he related details about Nazi post-war plans to create "world disorder" that would result in the rise of a Fourth Reich.
Mordrelle told his handlers that he had attended a conference in Deisenhofen near Munich in April 1945. He said that the meeting was presided over by an Obergruppenfuehrer in full SS uniform, comprising 15 representatives from countries west of Germany. Mordrelle said that plans to promote post-war unrest were discussed. At the meeting it was said that ample funds had been planted in South America (mainly Argentina) and trustworthy bankers had been sent to live in Spain and Switzerland. The agents were instructed to keep a low profile after the war before organizing "national movements" to stir up unrest and make the Allies' post-war task as difficult as possible, so that the Nazi party could reappear in a suitable disguise and build up a Fourth Reich.
Much of the file contains details given by Mordelle of connections between Breton separatists and Irish Nationalists and connections between Germany and Irish Nationalists. The file contains information given by Mordrelle on German intelligence activities in Ireland.
On March 11, 1946 Mordelle escaped from allied detention in Rome.
CIA HISTORY OF THE OSS AND PROJECT SAFEHAVEN
In addition to the 168 Pages described above, is a 16 page article from the Summer 2000 issue of the CIA journal, "Studies in Intelligence" titled, "The OSS and Project SAFEHAVEN, Tracking Nazi Gold."
This article was written by Donald P. Steury, who at the time was a CIA Officer in Residence at the University of Southern California. The article recounts the OSS role (SI–Secret Intelligence and X-2–Counterintelligence) in support of US policy to track, locate, and prevent Nazi postwar control of Germany's gold and other valuable assets in neutral countries as an Allied victory approached. The overriding goal of SAFEHAVEN was to make it impossible for Germany to start another war.
Steury wrote, "The fear was that the German political and economic leadership, sensing, defeat, would act to transfer secretly blocs of industrial and fiscal capital to neutral countries, thereby escaping confiscation and the reparations bill. If this happened, German economic and industrial power would be largely intact and would act as a power base from which an unrepentant German leadership could build a resurgent Fourth Reich in 20 years. The military defeat of Germany thus would again be meaningless."